Contributing researchers
Brief introduction to the contributing researchers

The research described on this site came from a number of outstanding people in the field, including those who brought the centuries old codes topic into our computer age.

I have been deeply privileged to learn from Professor Eliyahu Rips, Doron Witztum, Professor Robert Haralick, and Harold Gans among others. I was introduced to the topic in late 1996, by the Discovery course from Aish HaTorah which included an introduction to Torah Codes; this course is still offered today.

Dr. Eliyahu Rips, professor of mathematics at Hebrew University, is well-known for his speciality in Group Theory. He revived the codes topic in the late 1970's by beginning to apply computer analysis and statistics to measure its significance; and he remains the leader in providing compelling evidence, techniques and insights to this day.

Doron Witztum, whose background is in physics, introduced fundamental ideas to codes research in the early 1980's that have been part of the research ever since, including the most basic idea of looking for closeness between ELS's in a single compact picture (explained in the definitions section).

Without Professor Rips and Doron Witztum, the topic would simply not be known today. Their groundbreaking paper in the journal Statistical Science placed the codes topic on the map in our generation.

Harold Gans, who worked for 28 years as a Senior Cryptologic Mathematician at the US Department of Defense, has validated and extended many important results from Professor Rips and Doron Witztum. He is also an essential bridge between scientists and laymen, having lectured on the topic for several years.

Professor Robert M. Haralick, a leading authority in Pattern Recognition, and Professor of Computer Science at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, has applied his vast expertise to help foster increasingly rigorous statistical validation of ongoing and new research.

Nachum Bombach, Dr. Alex Rotenberg, Dr. Leib Schwartzman, Rabbi Moshe Katz, Rabbi Matityahu Glazerson, Boaz Metzger, Igor Pisetski, and Chaim Stahl have all been in the field for several years, and some of their vital contributions are referenced or presented here as well.

This site is a summary of the newest research, as recorded by Art Levitt ( His career in computer analysis techniques in the chemistry field began in 1976. Beginning in 1996, he has extensively verified the research of others in the field of Torah Codes, and he has developed new computer tools to enable discovery and measurement of some of the newer results.

We also want to acknowledge the unintentional contributions of the code critics, lead by Professors Brendan McKay and Barry Simon. Every researcher who strives for the truth must be, in part, his own critic, paying utmost attention to their counterclaims and spending months and years checking all possibilities. The critics have motivated the researchers to find the increasingly more verifiable and simpler results presented on this site.


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