Joy and Messiah (updated Aug 2012)

This set of results - even more than others on this site - repeatedly shows how simply and directly one code "pre-announces" another - like one crossword puzzle intentionally set up to give the clues to another crossword puzzle.

The power behind these codes is not due to new information that they contain - we will see "only" that words like joy are associated with Messiah - but we will also see an unmistakable intention.

This entire page of results starts with the minimal skip of "The Messiah" (skip 5) which contains two adjoining and overlapping words, "joy" and "rejoice", in the same column (left half of the Figure 1 below). When the phrase "Messiah, joy" was searched elsewhere in Torah, it also formed an unusually compact meeting with "rejoice" to the tune of 1:2,500 (20 competitors were found in a search of 50,000 monkey texts - right half of figure).

Figure 1

Let's follow what happens with the key word pair "joy" and "Messiah", looking as Professor Rips has done, at all close parallel meetings with skip less than 100. There are 8 such meetings and 3 of them (Figures 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3) will prove (in later figures) to be interesting:

Figure 1.1


Figure 1.2


Figure 1.3

How do the above 3 figures prove to be interesting? Because they lead to other significant codes or series of codes (some of which we have seen previously). First let's look at offshoots of Figure 1.1:

Figure 1.1a

Above, the original words, joy and Messiah, are connected to each other with three other words to form a much longer, meaningful phrase. The probability of the bottom component, "will rise on high" appearing by chance in a Messiah-related phrase was previously calculated to be near 1:800 (see the "component analysis" at the bottom of this page). We consider these extensions to the original words as clues to yet more codes, so we add them to our vocabulary, along with the original words, joy and Messiah. And we now ask our standard question:

Is there a further offshoot - can we find an additional "crossword puzzle" with some of these same words?

Figure 1.1b

In fact, Figure 1.1b is the best parallel meeting (elsewhere) in the Torah between "Messiah" and the newly added vocabulary word, "will rise". Figure 1.1b is actually not so different than what we can find in other random texts. However, it is the best such meeting in the Torah, and Figure 1.1c shows that this meeting also intersects the related new vocabulary word, "on high" (full spelling, with VAV).

Figure 1.1c

Figure 1.1c has probability of 1:278 of being so compact merely by chance (when compared to 10,000 other texts, its rank was 36).

Now that we have reviewed the immediately interesting offshoots of Figure 1.1, let's try offshoots of Figure 1.2, re-displayed below:

Figure 1.2 (re-displayed)

In fact, we find 2 highly relevant extensions, "he will redeem them" and "Tishbi" (Figure 1.2a below). "Tishbi" is explained as follows: Jewish tradition says that "Elijah the prophet" (Eliyahu in Hebrew) will usher in the Messiah. Elijah is known as the "Tishbi". In fact, throughout the Gemara, when there is an unresolved question, it is labelled as "takou" (תיקו) which means "let it stand" and has become an acronym for ואבעיות קושיות יתרץ תשבי (Tishbi will resolve all questions and problems), which refers to Elijah. Also, when the Sabbath ends, the traditional song that we sing is "Eliyahu HaNavi [the prophet], Eliyahu HaTishbi, Eliyahu HaGiladi [resident of Gilad], bimharah yavo aleinu [quickly come to us] im Moshiach Ben David [with Messiah, son of David]". Therefore these two personalities being together in the code, "Messiah and Tishbi", is quite fitting.

Figure 1.2a

We do not assign a probability for Figure 1.2a, because we can not enumerate how many equally surprising extensions there could have been. But we add "he will redeem them" and "Tishbi" to our vocabulary and we find further offshoots for Tishbi below.

Figure 1.2b

Figure 1.2c

The probabilities of Figures 1.2b and 1.2c are 1:800 and 1:625 respectively.

Now that we have reviewed the immediately interesting offshoots of Figures 1.1 and 1.2, let's try offshoots of Figure 1.3, re-displayed below:

Figure 1.3 (redisplayed)

The immediately noticed extension is the short form of "revenge" (spelled without VAV):

Figure 1.3a

The same 3 words appear elsewhere in Torah (Figure 1.3b below, a 1:400 result):

Figure 1.3b

And the grand prize winner is a code we have studied extensively in the past, which can be built up from our new starting words, Messiah and revenge. Skip 6598 is actually the 13th minimum for same-column codes containing both key words within two rows of each other and running in the same direction:

Figure 1.3c

This can be extended to the long phrase we have seen before:

Figure 1.3d

Although this is weakened somewhat because it is the 13th minimum, the strong components of this long phrase more than compensate for this - it is a 1:90,000 result without even considering the word "bin Laden" (based on previous research on "component analysis" and combining with the Fisher statistic the raw results for two of the components "cursed" and "I will name you Destruction").

It is interesting that Figure 1.3d was originally discovered by looking at words surrounding "bin Laden", but it can be built "from the groud up" by looking instead at same-column occurences of revenge and Messiah.

Important point about near minimal skips:

It is difficult to know, just by looking at a table, whether or not that table is formed around words with near-minimal skips, but it is an important factor. Without knowledge of this, tables from other texts may seem to be significant when they are not, and tables from the Torah can be under-appreciated.

Therefore, when going through the exercise of accounting for all choices, we must also know whether or not we are dealing with minimal (or near minimal) skips for the starting key words. If a table is found surrounding a starting key word which has a large skip, say the 101st minimum, that means that the first 100 opportunities to find a good code failed, so the table found is at least 100 times less significant than a table that would have been formed around the first minimum. Also, "small skip" is a relative term - it depends on the length of the starting key words - for example, skip 5 for "The Messiah" (5 letters) is minimal in Torah, but so is skip 18,102 for "Messiah/joy" (8 letters).

This point is accounted for by our methods as follows:

When a Torah table is compared against tables produced from other texts, we allow the competing texts to use any skip up to a maximum that is twice the skip used in the Torah result. In this way, the average skip used in all of the comparison texts will be close to the skip used in the Torah.


The crucial point to observe is that the number of possible variations that could have been attempted at each step is limited to only a few (e.g. a few alternative spellings, a few different word combinations and/or a few spatial configurations such as same-column versus clustered codes).

When we look at each of the three branches we followed above (Figures 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3), and we account for the variations that failed (even assuming that those not attempted would have failed), we derive an overall probability beyond 1 in a million (also accounting, via the Fisher statistic, for the fact that 5 of the original 8 branches [the 8 best parallel meetings of joy and Messiah] did not yield fruit; and this is without even factoring in the result from Figure 1).

This result is not explainable by conventional means.